ANZAC DAY BALIKPAPAN BORNEO


IWM caption : SX27501 Private (Pte) Aubrey Car...

IWM caption : SX27501 Private (Pte) Aubrey Carl Kotz (left) and Pte W Spence (right), members of 7 Platoon, A Company, 2/10 Battalion take cover behind a tree in the town area with their PIAT (Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank) gun during the Oboe 2 Operation. Comment : This was part of the Battle of Balikpapan. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Australian War Memorial image 110822. Gunners ...

Australian War Memorial image 110822. Gunners from 8 Battery, D Troop, 2/4th Field Regiment fire a Ordnance QF 25-pounder Short at Japanese positions at Balikpapan, Borneo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Tomorrow is Anzac Day...there will be a service in Borneo.  Could there be a bigger counter point than between true brave men like these and cowards who deliberately seek to harm women and children or thugs like the FPI.

Between May and August 1945, Australian Military Forces fought to liberate the island of Borneo from more than 3 years of Japanese occupation.  In well-planned and coordinated seaborne assaults at Tarakan, Brunei Bay and Balikpapan, Australian soldiers overwhelmed and outfought determined and well-prepared Japanese defenders.  Australian and American air and naval forces closely supported the Australian soldiers.

When Balikpapan was attacked, it was a major oil port in East Asia but by then had little military strategic significance.  On the 1st of July 1945, Australian soldiers launched a large amphibious operation, storming the beaches to the south of Balikpapan Township.

A preliminary 20 day allied bombardment had destroyed the Japanese defences and thus by nightfall the Australians had advanced 2 km inland.  The town of Balikpapan was liberated the next day but the 2 airfields to the east were not secured until the 9th of July.

Members of the 7th Division at Balikpapan in J...

Members of the 7th Division at Balikpapan in July 1945 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Fighting to the north and to the west of Balikpapan continued for more than 2 weeks with entrenched Japanese resisting every Australian advance.  Balikpapan was the last large-scale allied operation on land in the Second World War and conflict concluded at the end of the war on the 14th of August 1945.

Pengabdian di Balikpapan

Antara Bulan Mei dan bulan Agustus 1945, tentara Australia bertempur untuk membebaskan pulau Kalimantan dari pendudukan Jepang yang telah berlangsung selama lebih dari tiga tahun.

Dalam penyerbuan melalui laut yang terencana dan terkoordinasi dengan baik di daerah Tarakan, Teluk Brunei dan Balikpapan, pasukan Australia menerjang dan mengalahkan pasukan Jepang yang siap siaga dan gigih bertahan.  Satuan Angkatan Udara dan Angkatan Laut Australia dan Amerika Serikat membantu pasukan darat Australia dari jarak dekat.

Ketika Balikpapan diserbu, kota ini merupakan pelabuhan minyak yang utama di Asia Timur, walaupun sampai saat itu kepentingan strategis militernya tidaklah begitu besar. Pada tanggal 1 Juli tahun 1945, pasukan Australia meluncurkan operasi amfibia besar-besaran dengan menyerbu pantai di sebelah selatan kota Balikpapan.

The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Glory (R62...

The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Glory (R62) at Balikpapan, Borneo, in December 1945, preparing to leave for Tarakan. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pemboman awal selama 20 hari dari pihak sekutu telah menhancurkan pertahanan pantai pihak Jepang dan membuat pasukan Australia telah mampu merangsek maju sejauh 2 km ke arah pedalaman saat malam menjelang. Kota Balikpapan dibebaskan pada keesokan harinya tetapi kedua lapangan terbang di sebelah timur baru dikuasai pada tanggal 9 Juli.

Pertempuran di sebelah utara dan di sebelah barat kota berlanjut selama lebih dari dua minggu dengan pasukan Jepang yang berada di parit perlindungan menahan setiap gerakan maju pasukan Australia.  Pembebasan kota Balikpapan merupakan operasi sekutu besar-besaran yang terakhir di darat selama Perang Dunia kedua dan pertempuran itu baru selesai dengan berakhirnya perang pada tanggal 14 Agustus tahun 1945.

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